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  1. The green billionaire – CNN – Truveo Video SearchCNN’s Helena de Moura reports on a billionaire’s quest to save the Amazon … CNN’s Reynolds Wolf looks at the potential for “green” energy and asks, … – 73k – Cached – Similar pages
    Eye on Brazil / CNN Connects – Program Descriptions – Turner AsiaReporters contributing are: Jim Clancy, Karl Penhaul, Helena De Moura, and Tim Lister. CNN Connects: Voices of Brazil. CNN Connects will be taped at the …

    1. JONATHAN MANN, CNN HOST: Growing your gasoline. Wouldn’t it be great to have a limitless, powerful clean fuel that would be available everywhere on the planet? Brazil does, and much of the world is catching up, turning sugarcane, corn, even plant waste into a way to power your car.

      Hello and welcome.

      In one form or another, if you can grow it and distill it, chances are you can give it to your car and drive away. Take sugar, for example. You can make it into candy or rum or you can follow Brazil’s example and make it into ethyl alcohol, also known as ethanol.

      Ethanol is an environmentally friendly fuel that dramatically reduces the need for oil. Brazil started its ethanol program during the energy crunch of the Seventies. Along the way, it has hit some bumps in the road, but flex fuel cars, cars that can run on gas or ethanol, now make up the vast majority there. And this year Brazil could become energy independent.

      On our program today, farming for fuel.

      Helena Cavendish De Mora takes a look at Brazil’s 30-year investment in ethanol.


      HELENA CAVANDISH DE MOURA, CNN CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): Sao Paulo, population, 10.8 million, one of the world’s largest cities, crowded, polluted. It is the commercial engine of Brazil’s surging economy, a metropolis to match any in the world, but with a difference: with every passing day, Sao Paulo is less and less reliant on imported oil. The city is increasingly powered by what’s harvested in the emerald fields that spread across the hillsides less 100 kilometers away; sugarcane.

      There is a new demand for the crop that grows by the millions of hectares across Brazil. A sweet deal for drivers, automakers and farmers who are seeing their product become the commodity of choice in world markets.

      Less than half of the cane that’s grown in this area is converted into sugar. The rest ends up at distilleries, such as this one, Viewzina Zonswon (ph), where it’s converted into ethanol, the fuel that helps power Brazil’s new industrial revolution.

      Over the past two decades, Brazil has pioneered the use of ethanol in the process of becoming the largest producer and exporter in the world.

      Dr. Edgar Beauclair of Sao Paulo University is one of the world’s leading sugarcane scientists and an advocate for ethanol as a viable and environmentally preferable alternative to fossil fuels.

      EDGAR BEAUCLAIR, SAO PAULO UNIV. (through translator): Sugarcane is a highly productive and recyclable plant. It has the most highly efficient forms of photosynthesis. It captures CO2 more than any other cultivated plant. In addition, it doesn’t require a lot of land. We do not need to destroy anymore forests to plant cane. Brazil only needs about 10 to 15 percent of our agricultural lands to supply the world market until 2015.

      DE MOURA: Even so, it is forecast that a further 20 million hectares of Brazil’s land will be planted with sugarcane in the next five years. Much of the additional ethanol produced will end up back in Sao Paulo and other Brazilian cities, in motorists’ gas tanks in place of gasoline.

      UNIDENTIFIED MALE (through translator): It’s great to have the option of either fuel to save money and to preserve our environment.

      UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE (through translator): It saves me a lot of money. I’m able to drive twice as much with ethanol than with gasoline.

      DE MOURA: Every time the price of oil rises above $37 a barrel, it becomes cheaper for Brazilians to fill up with ethanol than gasoline.

      Many new cars sold here offer flex fuel technology. They’ll run on any combination of gasoline and ethanol.

      Once cool toward ethanol, the major car manufacturers in Brazil are now converts, and are promising a new generation of flex fuel vehicles.


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